ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. A student with ADHD has difficulty paying attention and focusing in class. Instead of focusing they can be very disruptive and be unable to stay seated OR they can loose focus and look as if they are day dreaming. If your student has ADHD then their IEP will list their eligibility as OHI or Other Health Impairment. It is also possible that your child has a 504 Plan.


Also known as AUT. Autism is a complex diagnosis. However there are three things that help create an definition for Autism.

a. Difficulty communicating – either difficulty being understood or understanding others.

b. Difficulty with relationships – Forming and maintaining relationships with peers and adults.

c. Perseverative behavior – a compulsive behavior that they repeat over and over. It could be either a movement they repeat over and over or a topic of interests they can’t let go.

If a student has these three characteristics they may or may not have autism. However, in order  to have Autism a student has to have all three of these characteristics.


Often referred to as EBD. This designation is the umbrella term for all disabilities that cause behaviors that are inappropriate for their age. These behaviors can be expressed internally, externally, or both. The behaviors have to be shown over a long period of time and be severe enough that it keeps the student from being able to fully participate in school.


Intellectual disability, ID, use to be called mental retardation. A student with an intellectual disability display a significantly lower level of general intellectual ability than their peers. The cause or particular characteristic of the intellectual disability are varied. Student with intellectual disabilities may be on an alternative curriculum track.


Also known as SLD or LD. A term for when there is a gap between what a student can do, their potential, and the results that parents, teachers, and counselors see din the classroom or on tests. This gap can be present in reading, writing, or math. It can be caused by deficits in a range of processing areas including visual, auditory, and memory.